The virus spreads mainly from person-to-person. It spreads most easily between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet), through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks.
These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.
Some recent studies have suggested that COVID-19 may be spread by people who are not showing symptoms.
A brief list of recommendations on how to protect each other from the virus everyone should:
Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
Avoid close contact with people who are sick, even inside your home. If possible, maintain 6 feet(about 2 arms' length) between the person who is sick and other household members. Put distance between yourself and other people outside of your home.
Do not gather in groups. Keeping distance from others is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick. Stay out of crowded places and avoid mass gatherings. Remember that some people without symptoms may be able to spread the virus.
Protect others because you could spread COVID-19 to others even if you do not feel sick. Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth face cover when around others
If you are in a private setting and do not have on your cloth face covering, remember to always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow. Throw used tissues in the trash. Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. If surfaces are dirty, clean them. Use detergent or soap and water before disinfection. Then, use a household disinfectant.
There is a list of disinfectants for use against COVID19 https://www.epa.gov/pesticide-registration/list-n-disinfectants-use-against-sars-cov-2
Source: CDC, WHO